Product: Eames Lounge Chair
Design by: Ray and Charles Eames
Produced by: Vitra
Material: Premium Leather with Palissander wood
The Eames Lounge Chair and Ottoman is made of molded plywood and leather. Officially, they are titles Eames Lounge (670) and Ottoman (671). The first production was released in 1956 after years of development. The first production was designed by Charles and Ray Eames for the Herman Miller furniture company. This lounge chair was the first chair that the Eameses designed with the intention for it to be sold on a high-end market.
The design couple sought to develop furniture that could be mass-produced and affordable, with the exception of the Eames Lounge Chair. This chair was their luxury item and was inspired by the traditional English club chair. The chair is composed of three curved plywood shells; the headrest, the backrest and the seat, all covered with veneer. The layers are glued together and shaped under heat and pressure. The shells and seat cushions are of the same shape, and composed of two curved forms interlocking to form a solid mass.
Over time, their products have changed in various ways. Up until the early 1990s, the shells were made up of five thin layers of plywood which were covered by a veneer of Brazilian rosewood. The use of Brazilian rosewood has stopped in the early 1990s, and current production since then consists of seven layers of plywood covered by finishing veneers of cherry, walnut, Palissander rosewood (a sustainably grown wood with similar grain patterns to the original Brazilian versions), and other finishes.
The Eames Lounge Chair first appeared on the NBC television network in the USA in 1956. Immediately after this appearance, Herman Miller launched an advertising campaign that highlighted the versatility of the chair.
Since its introduction, the chair has been in production by Herman Miller in America. Later, Vitra (in cooperation with the German furniture company Fritz Becker KG) began producing the chair for the European market. It was licensed in the UK for 10 years to Hille International LTD from 1957. Following its release, other furniture companies began to copy the famous chair’s design. Some made direct copies of the chair, while others only took their inspiration out of the existing design. The former Plycraft Company issued a ton of chairs that were direct copies of the Eames Lounge Chair. Later, also Chinese and European companies began making direct copies. However, Herman Miller and Vitra remain the only two companies to produce these chairs with the Eames name attached.
To this day, the lounge chair is seen as an absolute classic in the design world and is much loved from all over the world. Many hearts start beating a bit more rapidly when seeing this stunner.